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Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall

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Unlike prior versions of ESX, v5 uses an XML file to describe the firewall configurations. These files are stored in the /etc/vmware/firewall directory and are automatically loaded. Firewall rules should be installed as part of a VIB package.More information on creating rules: http://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-50/index.jsp?topic=/com.vmware.vsphere.vcenterhost.doc_50/GUID-E1D90120-73EB-4B00-9F89-8650EBE911F7.html Once installed, the firewall rules and service is managed via the vSphere client. Open vSphere […]

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VCP5 – Describe how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server

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Permissions in vSphere are applied on managed entities (datacenters, folders, VMs, etc…) Permissions are propagated from the managed entity to child identities. Permissions applied at the same level are summed to include both sets of permission.  Unlike other permission inheritance schemes (which sum permissions at different levels), permissions applied at lower levels over-ride inherited permissions.  Permissions applied […]

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VCP5 – Upgrade VMware Tools / Virtual Machine hardware

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This is a two-fer, two objectives listed in 1 post (since they are generally simple tasks). Upgrading tools and hardware manually: In vSphere, open VMs and Templates and select the VM Right-click the VM and select Guest | Install/Upgrade VMware Tools Select Automatic Tools Upgrade and click OK This will upgrade the tools and reboot […]

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VCP5 – Upgrade from VMFS3 to VMFS5

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Upgrading from VMFS3 to VMFS5 is seamless and can be performed online with active VMs. Note however, that there are drawbacks to upgrading to VMFS5: Datastores are accessible to ESXi 5 hosts only The upgrade process will not take advantage of some of the VMFS5 improvements (such as universal block size) Upgrading to VMFS5 In […]

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VCP5 – Upgrade a vNetwork Distributed Switch

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There are 3 versions of vNetwork Distribute Switches available: 4.0, 4.1, and 5.0. Each version provides new functionality, but also limits the interop with older versions Upgrade Distributed Switch In vSphere, browse to Networking Select the switch and on the Summary tab, click Upgrade Select the upgrade version and click Next Confirm no hosts report […]

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VCP5 – Identify steps required to upgrade a vSphere implementation

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Upgrading is generally a top-down process starting with the Virtual Center Server, then hosts, then VMs. This ensures that everything is properly supported during the upgrade process. Make sure vSphere plug-ins are supported in vSphere 5 Upgrade or remove them if necessary Confirm the environment meets the system requirements Upgrade vCenter Server Upgrade VMware Update […]

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VCP5 – License an ESXi host

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Once licenses are installed in Virtual Center, they need to be assigned to hosts Open vCenter Server and go to Home | Administration | Licensing Click Manage vSphere Licenses On the Add License Keys screen, click Next On the Assign Licenses screen, select the ESXi host and pair it with the appropriate license Click Next, Next, Finish